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ICS Sydney - International Conservation Services

tied to tide



"Tied to Tide" is a dynamic sculpture activated by tide, wave and wind. Created by artists Jennifer Turpin and Michaelie Crawford, and located on Sydney Harbour at Pyrmont Point, it is constructed from timber, stainless steel, aluminium and fibreglass. The combination of its marine location and many moving parts places enormous demands on the sculpture.

ICS has been contracted by the City of Sydney for the annual maintenance and conservation of this sculpture since 2010. Each year, ICS undertakes a variety of works including:

  • Cleaning of stainless steel elements
  • Lubrication of bearings
  • Application of protective coating on timber surfaces
  • Removal of marine growth
  • Replacement of broken stainless steel rigging elements

ICS also undertook a detailed condition assessment of the sculpture and developed options for longer-term conservation repairs to key elements of the sculpture. Subsequent conservation repair works have included:

  • In-situ replacement of bearings to the fibreglass counterweights
  • Modification and replacement of protective sheathing to the structural timber elements to prevent marine borer attack

For more information


City of Sydney


Sculpture Conservation









Tied to Tide - 2

"Tied to Tide"

Tied to Tide - Float BT 2

 Float bearing before treatment

Tied to Tide - Float AT 2

 Float bearing after treatment

Tied to Tide - Sheathing DT 2

Sheathing replacement during treatment

Tied to Tide - Sheathing AT 2

Sheathing replacement after treatment